"Is my winterberry a male or female?" Female plants produce bright red berries in profusion in early fall while leaves are still green and remain until mid-winter. Like some of the other hollies, Winterberry Holly also requires both a male and a female plant planted in close proximity to one another in order for the plants to produce a bumper crop of the those striking red berries. Some of the most popular male Winterberries include ‘Jim Dandy’ and ‘Late Male’. Only fertilized female flowers will produce the attractive red berries that are the signature of the species. Winterberry holly care does not require a male and a female plant, but you’ll need at least one of each in the vicinity if you want the signature red berries. Winterberries are dioecious (separate male and female plants). If you purchase a female but don't have a male (or the right male) and end up with no berries, you may think that you bought a male and go out and buy another female. Winterberry hollies are dioecious. But what if you have no berries!? Full sun will result in better berry production. Flowers appear on new growth. One of the best plants for fall and winter color. Noteworthy Characteristics. Only fertilized female flowers will produce the attractive red berries that are the signature of the species. This is another moisture-loving deciduous native holly is the common. "I thought I bought a female and a male but I don't have any berries.". Typically, Winterberry Hollies have all green leaves. Generally one male winterberry will be sufficient for pollinating 6-10 female plants. Ilex verticillata . English holly (Ilex aquifolium) is one of the most common with its familiar glossy, dark-green spiky leaves and bright red berries used for Christmas displays. Plant male and female winterberries within 50 feet of each other for heavy fruit set. Select cuttings from both male and female plants since both are needed for successful fruit set. If you decide to plant them beside each other, calculate their distance apart by adding together half of the ultimate width of each. Male & Female Winterberry Holly Combo (2-Pack of 3 Gallon Pots) If you love berries you're gonna love this combo of Winterberry Hollies, both of which are easy-to-grow North American natives. Winterberry holly (Ilex verticillata) is a slow-growing holly bush variety, native to North America. A male pollinator, such as Jim Dandy Holly … Winterberry is a deciduous holly with a tremendous native range encompassing all of the eastern United States and deserves more frequent use as a landscape plant. https://cwf-fcf.org/en/resources/encyclopedias/flora/winterberry.html Cold-Hardy Male Pollinator for Winterberry Holly This Southern Gentleman with have other Hollies Seeing Red …beautiful red berries, that is! Common Winterberry Winterberry Winterberry Holly Phonetic Spelling EE-leks ver-tik-il-LAY-tah Description Winterberry is a deciduous tree that may grow 10 to 15 feet tall, but it often occurs in the wild as a shrub. Soil pH Range: 3.8 to 6.0 or slightly acidic soil. The red berries contrast well against the dark green background. The variety Little Goblin Guy is a good male shrub for these because it blooms at the same time. This male variety is required for berry production on the females. It doesn't look like a holly. Prune to shape in late winter or early spring before new growth appears. (The width should be on the plant tag of each.) Extremely hardy. To produce berries a male and female plant are both required - use Mr. Poppins ® winterberry holly as the pollinator. Female flowers are pistillate and borne singly or in clusters of three. For the female flowers to be pollinated and produce berries, it requires the pollen from a male plant. It gets its name from the Christmas-red berries that develop from fertilized flowers and stay on the bare bush stems much of the winter. Moisture Requirements: Prefers medium to wet soils but will tolerate average garden soil. Note: To ensure fruit set, you must plant a male and a female winterberry. Finally - and here's the kicker - male and female plants must bloom at precisely the same time for the female … They wondered, though, if there must be a male pollinator for every species of holly in a landscape. Growing Winterberry Holly. Your email address will not be published. ‘Sunsplash’ is a unique variety of Winterberry in that it has variegated leaves. It is an upright, rounded, slow-growing shrub that can form thickets from root suckers. The flowers appear either singly or in small clusters along the stems. Typically, Winterberry Hollies have all green leaves. Winterberry is generally a dioecious plant, which means it has male and female flowers on separate plants. Straight species for male and female species. Generally, one male winterberry can pollenize up to ten female plants. Dwarf winterberry plants, available in both male and female varieties, are small versions and ideal for planting in containers or small gardens. Most holly species are dioecious, meaning male and female flowers are on different plants, thus requiring a male holly plant to pollinator for the female to set fruit. This is the pollinator for Red Sprite Winterberry. The male must be the same species as the female and bloom at the same time. Winterberry holly is an excellent choice for a rain garden because of its ability to tolerate both moist and dry soils. Allow one male for every three females. They will not thrive in alkaline soil. ‘Apollo’, ‘Raritan Chief’, ‘Jim Dandy’ and ‘Southern Gentleman’ are consorts readily available at nurseries that sell the female holly varieties. The foliage of lustrous, leathery, dark green leaves may develop yellow to purple tinged fall color. Moreover, male flowers are borne in clusters of seven to twelve. All flowers are about ¼ inch across with 5 to 8 white petals that are spreading to reflexed. Sunlight Requirements: Full sun to part shade. Afterglow Winterberry Ilex verticillata 'Afterglow' Plant Type: shrub Height: 8 feet Spread: 8 feet Sunlight: partial shade to full sun. Use in groupings or masses for maximum effect. 1 Plant both … Only female plants produce berries, and one or more male plants that bloom at the same time need to be growing within 50 feet of the females if you wish to … Established winterberry holly can take some dryness, but severe or frequent dry conditions will impact berry set. Winterberry Holly. The attractive red berries which are the signature of the winterberries are produced on female varieties such as 'Red Sprite' if a male variety (such as 'Jim Dandy') is planted nearby to provide pollen. Flowers appear on new growth. Common holly, Ilex aquifolium, has shiny, evergreen leaves. This male variety is required for berry production on the females. Propagation: Winterberries may be propagated from softwood cuttings. Male flowers will be staminate, that is they will lack the female pistil. Both a male and a female plant are required for the female plants to produce red berries, which appear from late autumn to mid-winter. Flowering Considerations. Answer: Yes, winterberry has male and female plants. Winterberry holly (I. verticillata) requires a male plant to bear noticeable numbers of fruit. Ilex verticillata Winterberry Combo Combination of interplanted male and female forms of the native deciduous Holly, bright green foliage drops shortly after berries appear, get show throughout winter. It usually grows in damp areas like swamps, thickets and along rivers and ponds. It doesn't act like a holly. Whereas one male blue holly, such as "Blue Prince," will pollinate eight or 10 blue holly females, male winterberries should be interspersed at a ratio of one to every four or five females. Winterberry holly (Ilex verticillata) ... Hollies have either male or female (called dioecious) flowers on the entire plant. All hollies are good for attracting pollinators and birds. Winterberry (Ilex verticillata) is a deciduous type of holly that grows wild in moist, boggy areas. Native to North America. 'Raritan Chief' - This is a male clone used to pollinate many deciduous holly hybrids, as it flowers over a long period. Winterberry is a deciduous holly that naturally grows along streams, ponds, and swamps. It is an upright, rounded, slow-growing shrub that can form thickets from root suckers. Grow winterberry holly across U.S. Department of Agriculture hardiness zones 4b through 8. Berries are not edible for humans but are relished by birds after they've softened in mid-winter. Winterberry is dioecious, so both male and female plants are needed for fruit production. show well in front of fences and stone walls. It is an upright, rounded, slow-growing shrub that can form thickets from root suckers. ‘Afterglow’ and ‘Red Sprite’ are common female Winterberries. Generally, one male winterberry can pollenize up to ten female plants. Flowers appear on new growth. ‘Sunsplash’ is a unique variety of Winterberry in that it has variegated leaves. Winterberry is dioecious, meaning there are separate male and female plants. * The male and female plants must bloom at precisely the same time for the female to be receptive. Winterberry (Ilex verticillata) Winterberry is a medium-sized deciduous shrub of wetlands that occurs in moist areas throughout North Carolina. To ensure you have both male and females, stick with similar varieties of holly plant, male and female are not always labeled. Winterberry is dioecious and the male and female flowers form on separate plants. Winterberry holly is dioecious, which means each individual plant will bear either male or female flowers. Male and female flowers are usually borne on separate plants (dioecious), occasionally on the same plant (monoecious), and rarely a plant will produce perfect flowers (both male and female parts). You might be asking why a combo? This plant is a female species of holly and will need to be pollinated by a male blue holly in order to produce fruits. If you’re looking for a splash of red during drab winter months, then purchasing this Southern Gentleman Holly (and a female holly bush if you don’t have one) is the first step. Ilex verticillata are either male or female shrubs. Michigan State Comments and questions like the ones above usually come during the fall or winter when the bright red berries begin to show up on Ilex verticillata, winterberry. Like some of the other hollies, Winterberry Holly also requires both a male and a female plant planted in close proximity to one another in order for the plants to produce a bumper crop of the those striking red berries. Sparkleberry Holly: Sparkleberry Holly, or Winterberry, has bright red berries appear from late summer to early fall. Beyond 40 feet, one male will pollinate about four to five female plants. So, if you want the beautiful berries for this queen of the winter landscape, you have to plant a male counterpart nearby. It can be grown as a specimen tree, a clipped bush or a hedge. If planted in a drier site, they may need to be watered periodically during hot, dry weather. Male. Winterberry, best planted in early autumn, is suitable for growing in U.S. Department of Agriculture plant hardiness zones 3 through 9. And now … In Craven County, winterberry can be seen in wetlands and especially along streams such as Brices Creek. many female cultivars exist, with some being hybrids of Ilex serrata (Finetooth Holly) and Ilex verticillata; their required male pollinators are noted for their early (E), … In general, a pollinating male holly needs to be within 500 feet of the female, but for Ilex verticillata, a distance of 15 feet is recommended. Only female plants produce berries, and one or more male plants that bloom at the same time need to be growing within 50 Allow one male for every three females. In Craven County, winterberry can be seen in … There are dozens of varieties, many of which have variegated leaves. (Winterberry Holly) To produce an explosion of brilliant berries in the landscape use Mr. Poppins Ilex as the male pollinator for Berry Poppins. Any variety of male blue holly (Ilex x meserveae) can be used to pollinate the red beauty holly, which will result in juicy round red berries. Native to eastern parts of North America, within hardiness zones from 3 to 9, reaching heights of 6 feet to 12 feet. Both Little Goblin Red and Little Goblin Orange are female winterberries that require a male pollinator. Winterberry holly is dioecious (dye-oh-ee-shus, Greek for “two houses”). The most common reason for lack of berries on female shrubs is that the tree is either a male or that a male tree is not available nearby to pollinate a female one. While the greenish flowers are small, the berries that follow are bright red and very showy. Winterberry Holly. Grow winterberry holly across U.S. Department of Agriculture hardiness zones 4b through 8. It grows in full sun or partial shade, preferring afternoon shade in hot zones. Most hollies, whether evergreen or bare in winter, require a male holly to provide pollen to insure fruit set. Now that you know the differences between the flowers you can solve the puzzle of no berries. Female plants produce bright red berries in profusion in early fall while leaves are still green and remain until mid-winter. Ilex verticillata, the winterberry, is a species of holly native to eastern North America in the United States and southeast Canada, from Newfoundland west to Ontario and Minnesota, and south to Alabama.. Other names that have been used include black alder, Canada holly, coralberry, fever bush, Michigan holly, or winterberry holly.. Design Ideas This is the pollinator for Red Sprite Winterberry. Both male and female plants are needed to have berries. One male plant will pollinate about 20 female plants to produce fruit when planted within 40 feet of each other. Winterberry is similar to Mountain Holly (Ilex montana) but the leaves are a little smaller, narrower, and more rugose (the veins are more indented). Male holly flowers have four yellow stamens extending from the center of the flower. Prune to shape in early spring just before new growth appears. Photos and information about Minnesota flora - Winterberry: shrub to 13 feet, alternate leaves, usually separate male/female plants; ¼-inch white flowers in leaf axils, 5 to 8 petals Post a comment Note: All comments are moderated before posting to keep the riff-raff out. Winterberry is a dioecious species, meaning female flowers and male flowers grow on separate plants. Some of the most popular male Winterberries include ‘Jim Dandy’ and ‘Late Male’. Holly, Winterberry, Jim Dandy Male $19.95 One of the best plants for fall and winter color. VCE Publications & Other Online Resources, https://njaes.rutgers.edu/deerresistance/, https://pubs.ext.vt.edu/2901/2901-1077/2901-1077_pdf.pdf. Match a female shrub with a male shrub that blooms at roughly the same time in spring. Over the holidays, I received an email from the Fayetteville area regarding the proper spacing of winterberry (Ilex verticillata) for good pollination and fruit production. For instance, ‘Blue Prince’ and ‘Blue Princess’, ‘China … For best results plant at least one male plant for every three female plants. Female Winterberry Holly Shrubs: Red Sprite Winterberry Holly: A profusion of bright red berries brighten the winter landscape and provide food for birds. Winterberry is a deciduous holly that naturally grows along streams, ponds, and swamps. Winterberry is dioecious, meaning there are separate male and female plants. An excellent pollenizer for berry production on early-flowering female varieties such as Red Sprite. This species does well in wet areas, and its native habitats are places like bogs or swamps. How do you know if you have a male or female winterberry? In the photo shown above, you can see four small yellow protrusions extending from the center of the flower. In general, a pollinating male holly needs to be within 500 feet of the female, but for Ilex verticillata, a distance of 15 feet is recommended. An extremely hardy male holly with rich, deep green foliage on a dense, twiggy, oval to rounded form. If you aren't sure, the difference is in the flowers. As with blueberry bushes, in order to produce a bumper crop of berries you must have a male plant to pollinate a female. It may reach 12' tall and features attractive glossy, light green foliage. Female Winterberry Holly Shrubs: Red Sprite Winterberry Holly: A profusion of bright red berries brighten the winter landscape and provide food for birds. Nurseries grow and sell many varieties of winterberry shrubs. Generally one male winterberry will be sufficient for pollinating 6-10 female plants. Winterberry holly (Ilex verticillata) looks for all the world as if it's trying to divorce itself from the holly tribe to which it belongs. Now is the only time to tell the difference between male and female plants (besides if you have berries then you know you have a female). To encourage fruit production, plant at least one male bush for every four female plants. ; Chinese holly (I. cornuta) is one of the few types of holly shrubs that can actually produce berries without male pollination.These berries vary in color from red, dark orange to yellow. Winterberries are flowering now, though the early flowering selections have mostly finished flowering and the late flowering selections are just beginning. So, if you plant hollies in your backyard and want to see berries, be sure you plant both male and female. But if your landscape has been well planned, winter need not be a time of colorlessness. Ilex verticillata . Dirr, M., Mannual of Woody Landscape Plants, College of Food, Agricultural, and Environmental Sciences, Ohio Agricultural Research and Development Center. Male & Female Winterberry Holly Combo (2-Pack of 3 Gallon Pots) If you love berries you're gonna love this combo of Winterberry Hollies, both of which are easy-to-grow North American natives. Ilex verticillata, the winterberry, is a species of holly native to eastern North America in the United States and southeast Canada, from Newfoundland west to Ontario and Minnesota, and south to Alabama. In other words, each individual plant bears only one type of flower: those that will turn into berries (a female plant) or those that bear pollen (a male plant). Many cultivars of holly species exist. Height: over 12m But at that point in the season it is too late to tell. By contrast, each female bloom has a green ovary (that is, a green "bump" in the center of its bloom). One of the best plants for fall and winter color. Piedmont Master Gardeners, Sharing knowledge, Empowering communities, Both male and female plants produce flowers, but only. If you have room in your landscape, plant several winterberry hollies so that you can clip the heavily berried branches for use in floral arrangements. Winterberry is a deciduous holly that naturally grows along streams, ponds, and swamps. Winterberries are flowering now, though the early flowering selections have mostly finished flowering and the late flowering selections are just beginning. It may reach 12' tall and features attractive glossy, light green foliage. The attractive berries which are the signature of the winterberries are produced on female varieties such as 'Winter Gold', if a male variety, such as Southern Gentleman Winterberry, is nearby to provide pollen. Keep reading. In other words, the shrubs are either male or female. For winterberry holly information, including notes on how to grow winterberry holly, read on. Winterberry holly is dioecious, which means each individual plant will bear either male or female flowers. Tolerant of various soil types, they’re suitable for many different uses such as rain gardens and hedges. A male pollinator, such as Jim Dandy Holly is required for berry set. One male winterberry plant produces adequate pollen for up to 10 female plants. Plant winterberry holly from nursery transplants or cuttings, rather than wild plants. Winterberry holly, Ilex verticillata. Both male and female plants produce flowers, but only fertilized flowers on female winterberry shrubs produce berries. The normal ratio is one male pollinator for every 12-15 female plants. Winter is a time when many gardeners resign themselves to a landscape that will be a bit dreary until next spring, spending their time planning next year's garden. Tolerant of various soil types, they’re suitable for many different uses such as rain gardens and hedges. Add To My Plant List. taller evergreens. If you know that you have a female shrub, you will need a male to pollinate it so that the female will produce berries. The berries can also be cut for use in floral arrangements. Generally one male winterberry will be sufficient for pollinating 6-10 female plants. Maintenance: None other than an occasional pruning to maintain size or to remove dead or damaged growth. Look for improved varieties, especially if you need a smaller plant. I took for granted the beauty and appeal of the winterberry holly. 'Jim Dandy' is a male plant and is generally grown These bright fruits emerge in great abundance, making this one of the most prolific fruiting evergreen holly plants. Fruit sets only on female winterberry plants pollinated by at least one male winterberry plant in relatively close proximity, about 50 feet. If you decide to plant them beside each other, calculate their distance apart by adding together half of the ultimate width of each. ‘Afterglow’ and ‘Red Sprite’ are common female Winterberries. For best results plant at least one male plant for every three female plants. A deciduous holly valued for its extremely colorful red berries which last throughout winter on female plants; upright growth... 52. Only fertilized female flowers will produce berries. Flowering Considerations Nurseries grow and sell many varieties of winterberry shrubs. Winterberry ... Dioecious literally means “two households” and in this case, that there are male and female plants. The folks knew that hollies have male and female plants, and that only the females bear berries. As with hollies generally, flowers are imperfect (comprised of male or female parts but not both) and individual plants are dioecious (male or female). This means that to get a beautiful, berry-covered winterberry holly, you must plant both a male and a female. In some cases it doesn’t have to be pollen from the same species. Male. Female plants produce bright red berries in profusion in early fall while leaves are still green and remain until mid-winter. Gardeners in northern climates are faced with a challenge in keeping the landscape interesting when the last of the autumn flowers and colorful fall foliage have faded. Prune to shape in early spring just before new growth appears. 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