Caesar was elected one of the curule aediles for 65 bce, and he celebrated his tenure of this office by unusually lavish expenditure with borrowed money. In 78 bce, after Sulla’s death, he returned to Rome and started on his political career in the conventional way, by acting as a prosecuting advocate—of course, in his case, against prominent Sullan counter-revolutionaries. J C Rolfe", "Suetonius, Life of Caesar, Chapters LXXXIII, LXXXIV, LXXXV", "Was Julius Caesar's epilepsy due to neurocysticercosis? Table of Contents. In 84 bce Caesar committed himself publicly to the radical side by marrying Cornelia, a daughter of Lucius Cornelius Cinna, a noble who was Marius’s associate in revolution. In the same year his wife, Cornelia, and his aunt Julia, Marius’s widow, died. He is always seen wearing a… He had to leave Italy after Sulla won the civil war against his uncle Gaius Marius. Updates? Articles from Britannica Encyclopedias for elementary and high school students. Caesar was elected a praetor for 62 bce. During the early years of his career, Caesar identified himself politically with the Populares Party (See Marius), which opposed the Senatorial nobility. His parents were Gaius Julius Caesar and Aurelia. Gaius Julius Caesar appears to be a man in his mid-twenties, wearing a red coat of a uniform with golden buttons over a white shirt, a pink tie, shoulder pads, and a white skirt. The day was July 12 or 13; the traditional (and perhaps most probable) year is 100 bce; but if this date is correct, Caesar must have held each of his offices two years in advance of the legal minimum age. The date of Caesar the dictator’s birth has long been disputed. His first target, Gnaeus Cornelius Dolabella, was defended by Quintus Hortensius, the leading advocate of the day, and was acquitted by the extortion-court jury, composed exclusively of senators. His creditors did not let him leave Rome until Crassus had gone bail for a quarter of his debts; but a military expedition beyond the northwest frontier of his province enabled Caesar to win loot for himself as well as for his soldiers, with a balance left over for the treasury. Please select which sections you would like to print: Corrections? He obtained the governorship of Farther Spain for 61–60 bce. März 44 v. Chr. From 133 bce onward there had been a series of alternate revolutionary and counter-revolutionary paroxysms. A politician of the popular faction and a daring military commander, he formed an unofficial triumvirate with Pompey and Crassus, conquered Gaul, fought … This class had been partly dispossessed by an economic revolution following on the devastation caused by the Second Punic War. He later claimed to be a direct descendent of Aenaes, son of Venus, and therefore related to the gods themselves. In 90 bce, Rome’s Italian allies had seceded from Rome because of the Roman government’s obstinate refusal to grant them Roman citizenship, and, as consul, Lucius Caesar had introduced emergency legislation for granting citizenship to the citizens of all Italian ally states that had not taken up arms or that had returned to their allegiance. Whoever had been consul in this critical year would have had to initiate such legislation, whatever his personal political predilections. Auf meinem Kanal findest du feinste Strategie und Historienkost. Gaius Julius Caesar (13 July 100 - 15 March 44 BCE), Roman statesman, general, author, famous for the conquest of Gaul (modern France and Belgium) and his subsequent coup d'état. Gaius Julius Caesar, one of the most influential political and military leaders in history, helped establish the vast empire ruled by Rome. Gaius Julius Caesar was born most likely on 13 July (originally Quinctilis, but renamed in honor of Caesar after his death) in the year 100 BC. Inscription on the triumphal wagon reported in The Twelve Caesars by Suetonius, as translated by Robert Graves (1957) 1. Caesar afterward married Pompeia, a distant relative of Pompey. The Roman governing class had consequently come to be hated and discredited at home and abroad. Gaius Julius Caesar (13 July 100 - 15 March 44 BCE), Roman statesman, general, author, famous for the conquest of Gaul (modern France and Belgium) and his subsequent coup d'état. Gaius Julius Caesar (20 BC – 21 February AD 4), most commonly known as Gaius Caesar or Caius Caesar, was the oldest son of Marcus Vipsanius Agrippa and Julia the Elder. Caesar’s father arrived at the praetor-ship, but never won the election for the consulship. 1. Toward the end of the year of his praetorship, a scandal was caused by Publius Clodius in Caesar’s house at the celebration there of the rites, for women only, of Bona Dea (a Roman deity of fruitfulness, both in the Earth and in women). His family were closely connected with the Marian faction in Roman politics. It was true that Sextus Caesar, who was perhaps the dictator’s uncle, had been one of the consuls for 91 bce; and Lucius Caesar, one of the consuls for 90 bce, was a distant cousin, whose son and namesake was consul for 64 bce. Even people who know nothing of Caesar as a historic personality are familiar with his family name as a title signifying a ruler who is in some sense uniquely supreme or paramount—the meaning of Kaiser in German, tsar in the Slavonic languages, and qayá¹£ar in the languages of the Islamic world. Gaius julius Caesar or Gaius Julius Caesar in modern English spelling (13 July, 100 BC – 15 March, 44 BC) was a Roman military and political leader. Gaius Julius Caesar Hits: 2(33,67)|2(33,67)|1(100)|3(12,25,63) Military Tactics B Increases party's NP damage for 1 turn. He changed the Roman republic into a monarchy and laid the foundations of a truly Mediterranean empire. A Roman noble won distinction for himself and his family by securing election to a series of public offices, which culminated in the consulship, with the censorship possibly to follow. He is one of the five elite generals of The Sinners Organization and also one of the original members of the organization itself alongside Kouu, Charlotte Corday, Adolf Hitler, Pol Pot and Albert DeSalvo. In the uproar in the Senate, Caesar’s motion was defeated. Caesar refused and came close to losing not only his property (such as it was) but his life as well. It was also not rich or influential or even distinguished. The old Roman calendar was inaccurate and manipulated for political purposes. The first triumvirate and the conquest of Gaul, Antecedents and outcome of the civil war of 49–45, https://www.britannica.com/biography/Julius-Caesar-Roman-ruler, Old and Sold - Biography of Julius Caesar, Public Broadcasting Service - Biography of Julius Caeser, Social Studies for Kids - Biography of Julius Caesar, Spartacus Educational - Biography of Julius Caesar, Heritage History - Julius Caesar - Ada Russell, The History Learning Site - Biography of Julius Caesar, History World - Biography of Julius Caesar, Julius Caesar - Children's Encyclopedia (Ages 8-11), Julius Caesar - Student Encyclopedia (Ages 11 and up). This partial financial recovery enabled him, after his return to Rome in 60 bce, to stand for the consulship for 59 bce. The Greco-Roman society has been extinct for so long that most of the names of its great men mean little to the average, educated modern person. Gaius Caesar, (born 20 bce —died February 21, 4 ce, Lycia), grandson of the Roman emperor Augustus (reigned 27 bce –14 ce), who would probably, had he survived Augustus, have succeeded to the imperial throne. Caesar was born in 102 or 100 BCE into the ancient patrician family of the Iulii who claimed ancestry from Aeneas of Troy, one of the mythical founders of Rome, and the goddess Venus, but few members of the family had distinguished themselves in the previous generations. An aunt of the future dictator had married Gaius Marius, a self-made man (novus homo) who had forced his way up to the summit by his military ability and had made the momentous innovation of recruiting his armies from the dispossessed peasants. Though some of the most powerful noble families were patrician, patrician blood was no longer a political advantage; it was actually a handicap, since a patrician was debarred from holding the paraconstitutional but powerful office of tribune of the plebs. He played a critical role in the transformation of the Roman Republic into the Roman Empire. Gaius Julius Caesar (or just Julius Caesar) was born in the month his successor would rename after himself, July (then called Quintilis), in the year 100 BC, to a minor aristocratic family that nonetheless traced its line back to the foundation of Rome, as well as the goddess Venus and the hero Aeneas. Julius Caesar was a political and military genius who overthrew Rome’s decaying political order and replaced it with a dictatorship. Ave! The Julii Caesares traced their lineage back to the goddess Venus, but the family was not snobbish or conservative-minded. In 74 bce, when Mithradates VI Eupator, king of Pontus, renewed war on the Romans, Caesar raised a private army to combat him. Caesar banned driving carriages on city streets during the first ten hours of daylight. in Rom; † 15. He was of the Julii family 85 BCE (date unknown) Became head of the family after his father died. They were granted patrician status, along with other noble Alban families. A co-conspirator, Decmius Brutus, was Caesar's second heir in his will. Gaius Julius Caesar (100 BCE – 44 BCE) sister projects: Wikipedia article, Commons gallery, Commons category, quotes, Wikidata item. His father, Gaius Caesar, died when Caesar was but 16; his mother, Aurelia, was a notable woman, and it seems certain that he owed much to her. It is improbable that Caesar deliberately sought monarchical power until after he had crossed the Rubicon in 49 bce, though sufficient power to impose his will, as he was determined to do, proved to mean monarchical power. Juli 100 v. Chr. After Crassus's death, Caesar led his army into Italy, defeated Pompey, and claimed the title of dictator. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. Gaius Julius Caesar (13 July 100 BC – 15 March 44 BC) was a Roman general and statesman. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). n. l. Řím) byl vojevůdce a politik a jeden z nejmocnějších mužů antické historie. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. Caesar originally named the giraffe "camelopard" since it resembled a camel and a leopard. Omissions? See more ideas about Julius caesar, Gaius julius caesar, Ancient rome. By Caesar’s time, the number of surviving patrician gentes was small; and in the gens Julia the Caesares seem to have been the only surviving family. In 69 or 68 bce Caesar was elected quaestor (the first rung on the Roman political ladder). There is evidence, however, that the Julii Caesares, though patricians, had already committed themselves to the antinobility party. Julius Caesar, in full Gaius Julius Caesar, (born July 12/13, 100? Biography. In 83 bce Lucius Cornelius Sulla returned to Italy from the East and led the successful counter-revolution of 83–82 bce; Sulla then ordered Caesar to divorce Cornelia. Caesar did not return to Rome, but instead joined the army, serving under Marcus Minucius Thermus in Asia. Caesar’s triumph in a civil war in the 40s bc made him the absolute ruler of Rome, but political jealousies among his opponents motivated them to assassinate him. Temple of Alexandria & the Black Bust of Caesar Commissioned by Cleopatra Gaius Julius Caesar was born to an aristocratic family. Caesar became a member of the First Triumvirate, and when that broke up, he fought a civil war against Pompey the Great. You are agreeing to news, offers, and his aunt Julia, Marius’s widow,.. Consequently come to be in the Senate, Caesar’s motion was defeated delivered to. Camelopard '' since it resembled a camel and a leopard laid the foundations of a province, gave! 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